Citizens' chamber is a place where local citizens meet to discuss local challenges and constraints and find solutions. For both government and public, it is a valuable tool to increase public participation, transparency and accountability in local government.
Mercy Corps organized a training on SMS system in five soums of Bayan-Ulgii aimag under the Leveraging Tradition and Science-2 project (LTS2) in June 2016. Herders who attended this training learned to use the SMS system and receive weather forecasts on their cell phones. The herder D. Umbet was one of those training participants from Bulgan soum.
In Mongolia most people receive weather information from TV and radio. The weather forecast usually contains very general information on precipitation, temperature and wind for the whole aimag. For instance the weather information covers south-eastern part or north-western part of a particular aimag. And there is no information available for soums and baghs.
Written by: Sofie Fredlund-Blomst, Senior Information Officer at USAID (OFDA)
For centuries, nomadic herders in Mongolia have relied on ecological knowledge and traditional practices to ensure the survival of livestock during extreme winters, known locally as dzuds. Climate change, however, is increasing the frequency and severity of extreme weather events, threatening the sustainability of pastoral livelihoods. From November 2015–April 2016, Mongolia experienced extremely low temperatures and heavy snowfall that adversely affected livestock and livelihoods throughout the country. Compounded by the previous summer's drought, the dzud caused an estimated 1.1 million livestock deaths, affecting nearly 226,000 people or 41 percent of Mongolias herder population, according to the UN.
The Budget Law was amended in 2012 and the size of local budgets expanded. For example in 2013, Zamyn-Uud soum, Dornogobi aimag, received one billion MNT (USD 588 thousand) from the Local Development Fund (LDF). Other soums received between 400 and 800 million (USD 235-470 thousand) MNT from LDF for development projects.